Arachidonic Acid ethyl ester
Cayman Chemical Item Number 10008200
Ethyl Arachidonate (CAS 1808-26-0)
Arachidonic acid is the keystone essential fatty acid at the origin of the arachidonic acid cascade. It is converted by cyclooxygenase, lipoxygenase, and epoxygenase enzymes into more than one hundred fifty different potent primary autacoid metabolites in species ranging from fungi to plants to mammals. Arachidonic acid is stored in tissue phospholipids in esterified form, where it comprises a small but critically controlled percentage of the polyunsaturated fatty acid pool.1 Arachidonic acid ethyl ester is a more lipophilic form of arachidonic acid that can be incorporated into dietary regimens or fed to cultured cells as a source of exogenous arachidonate. It is one of the fatty acid ethyl esters that increase cytosolic Ca2+ concentration leading to pancreatic acinar cell injury due to excessive consumption of ethanol.2 Whereas arachidonic acid inhibits dopamine uptake, the ethyl esterified version does not retain this property.3
1. Holman, R.T. Control of polyunsaturated acids in tissue lipids. J Am Coll Cardiol 5 183-211 (1986).
2. Chen, N., Appell, M., Berfield, J.L., et al. Inhibition by arachidonic acid and other fatty acids of dopamine uptake at the human dopamine transporter. Eur J Pharmacol 478 89-95 (2003).
3. Criddle, D.N., Raraty, M.G.T., Neoptolemos, J.P., et al. Ethanol toxicity in pancreatic acinar cells: Mediation by nonoxidative fatty acid metabolites. Proc Natl Acad Sci USA 101(29) 10738-10743 (2004).
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Pricing updated 2015-08-03. Prices are subject to change without notice.
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