Pinolenic acid is a polyunsaturated fatty acid found in Korean pine (Pinus orientalis) and maritime pine (Pinus pinaster) seed oils. Both oils have been found to have lipid-lowering properties. A diet containing maritime pine seed oil (MPSO) lowered HDL and ApoA1 levels in transgenic mice expressing human ApoA1. MPSO was found to diminish cholesterol efflux in vitro.1 Korean pine seed oil supplements may help in obesity by reduction of appetite. People taking this oil had an increase in the satiety hormones CCK and GLP-1 and a reduced desire to eat.2 The activity of the oil is attributed to pinolenic acid. Pinolenic acid is not converted to arachidonic acid metabolically and can reduce arachidonic acid levels in the phosphatidylinositol fraction of HepG2 cells from 15.9% to 7.0%.3
1Asset, G., Leroy, A., Bauge, E., et al. Effects of dietary maritime pine (Pinus pinaster)-seed oil on high-density lipoprotein levels and in vitro cholesterol efflux in mice expressing human apolipoprotein A-I. Br J Nutr84353-360(2000).
2Causey, J.L.Korean pine nut fatty acids induce satiety-producing hormone release in overweight human volunteers. The 231st ACS National Meeting(2006 28 March).
3Tamotsu, T., Tatsunori, T., Morishige, J., et al. Non-methylene-interrupted polyunsaturated fatty acids: Effective substitute for arachidonate of phosphatidylinositol. Biochem Biophys Res Commun264683-688(1999).
A solution in ethanol
in continental US; may vary elsewhere
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Cayman Chemical was formed over thirty years ago by demonstrating the value of naturally growing gorgonian corals as a renewable, economically viable source of prostaglandins. Today we operate our business knowing that we owe our start to the renewable resources our environment had provided. As Cayman Chemical continues to grow we consistently evaluate our business processes to ensure we are operating at the highest environmental standards.
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