The peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor-γ (PPARγ) is the nuclear receptor responsible for transducing the therapeutic activity of the thiazolidinediones (TZDs). TZDs are a group of structurally related synthetic PPARγ receptor agonists with antidiabetic actions in vivo.1,2 There are many PPARγ agonists, including 15-deoxy-Δ12,14-prostaglandin J2 and azelaoyl PAF, which are naturally derived.3,4 However, only a few antagonists have been reported.5 T0070907 is a potent and selective antagonist of the human PPARγ with an apparent IC50 of 1 nM for the binding inhibition of rosiglitazone, a reference TZD. T0070907 covalently binds to Cys313 of PPARγ, inducing conformational changes that block the recruitment of transcriptional cofactors to the PPARγ/RXR heterodimer.6
1Willson, T.M., Cobb, J.E., Cowan, D.J., et al. The structure-activity relationship between peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor γ agonism and the antihyperglycemic activity of thiazolidinediones. J Med Chem39665-668(1996).
2Cantello, B.C.C., Cawthorne, M.A., Cottam, G.P., et al. [[ω-(Heterocyclylamino)alkoxy]benzyl]-2,4-thiazolidinediones as potent antihyperglycemic agents. J Med Chem373977-3985(1994).
3Davies, S.S., Pontsler, A.V., Marathe, G.K., et al. Oxidized alkyl phospholipids are specific, high affinity peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor γ ligands and agonists. J Biol Chem27616015-16023(2001).
4Maxey, K.M., Hessler, E., MacDonald, J., et al. The nature and composition of 15-deoxy-Δ12,14-PGJ2. Prostaglandins Other Lipid Mediat6215-21(2000).
5Wright, H.M., Clish, C.B., Mikami, T., et al. A synthetic antagonist for the peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor γ inhibits adipocyte differentiation. J Biol Chem2751873-1877(2000).
6Lee, G., Elwood, F., McNally, J., et al. T0070907, a selective ligand for peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor γ, functions as an antagonist of biochemical and cellular activities. J Biol Chem277(22)19649-19657(2002).
A crystalline solid
in continental US; may vary elsewhere
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Cayman Chemical was formed over thirty years ago by demonstrating the value of naturally growing gorgonian corals as a renewable, economically viable source of prostaglandins. Today we operate our business knowing that we owe our start to the renewable resources our environment had provided. As Cayman Chemical continues to grow we consistently evaluate our business processes to ensure we are operating at the highest environmental standards.
Manufacturer, supplier, and vendor of biochemical reagents, assay kits, forensic chemistry standards, antibodies, and proteins for scientific research
Analytical testing services and custom synthesis also available