Peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor α (PPARα) is a ligand-activated transcription factor involved in the regulation of lipid homeostasis.1,2 Activation of PPARα results in expression of a variety of genes, particularly those involved in fatty acid β-oxidation, binding, and transport.3 Clofibrate is a PPARα agonist and a member of a class of hypolipidemic drugs that includes fenofibrate and benzafibrate, which have been used clinically to treat dyslipidemia and cardiovascular disease. In a transactivation assay, clofibrate exhibits EC50 values of 50 and 55 µM for mouse and human PPARα, respectively.4 It also binds to PPARγ, but with 10-fold less affinity and is inactive at PPARδ at concentrations up to 100 µM.4
1Latruffe, N., and Vamecq, J.Peroxisome proliferators and peroxisome proliferator activated receptors (PPARs) as regulators of lipid metabolism. Biochimie7981-94(1997).
2Lemberger, T., Desvergne, B., and Wahli, W.Peroxisome proliferator-activated receptors: A nuclear receptor signaling pathway in lipid physiology. Annu Rev Cell Dev Biol12335-363(1996).
3Mandard, S., Müller, M., and Kersten, S.Peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor α target genes. Cell Mol Life Sci61393-416(2004).
4Willson, T.M., Brown, P.J., Sternbach, D.D., et al. The PPARs: From orphan receptors to drug discovery. J Med Chem43(4)528-550(2000).
Cayman Chemical Company regularly evaluates our shipping methods to ensure product stability is maintained and our corporate environmental impact is minimized. Products selected for review are evaluated and shipping methods are certified by our Scientists. While occasionally our method of shipping a product may change, rest assured the shipping conditions on all Cayman Chemical products have been reviewed and validated.
Upon receipt, it is important to check the storage requirements of your products and place them at the appropriate temperature. Products shipped without ice may require frozen storage for long term stability.
Cayman Chemical was formed over thirty years ago by demonstrating the value of naturally growing gorgonian corals as a renewable, economically viable source of prostaglandins. Today we operate our business knowing that we owe our start to the renewable resources our environment had provided. As Cayman Chemical continues to grow we consistently evaluate our business processes to ensure we are operating at the highest environmental standards.
Manufacturer, supplier, and vendor of biochemical reagents, assay kits, forensic chemistry standards, antibodies, and proteins for scientific research
Analytical testing services and custom synthesis also available