The methylation of lysine residues on histones plays a central role in determining euchromatin structure and gene expression. The histone methyltransferase (HMTase) G9a can mono- or dimethylate lysine 9 on histone 3 (H3), contributing to early embryogenesis, genomic imprinting, and lymphocyte development.1,2,3 BIX01294 (hydrochloride hydrate) is a selective inhibitor of G9a HMTase (IC50 = 1.7 μM).4 It less effectively inhibits the HMTase G9a-like protein (GLP; IC50 = 38 μM) and has no effect on other known HMTases.4 BIX01294 has been used in combination with the calcium channel activator BayK8644 to facilitate the generation of induced pluripotent stem cells from somatic cells in vitro.5
1Tachibana, M., Sugimoto, K., Nozaki, M., et al. G9a histone methyltransferase plays a dominant role in euchromatic histone H3 lysine 9 methylation and is essential for early embryogenesis. Genes Dev161779-1791(2002).
2Wagschal, A., Sutherland, H.G., Woodfine, K., et al. G9a histone methyltransferase contributes to imprinting in the mouse placenta. Mol Cell Biol28(3)1104-1113(2008).
3Thomas, L.R., Miyashita, H., Cobb, R.M., et al. Functional analysis of histone methyltransferase G9a in B and T lymphocytes. J Immunol181485-493(2008).
4Kubicek, S., O'Sullivan, R.J., August, E.M., et al. Reversal of H3K9me2 by a small-molecule inhibitor for the G9a histone methyltransferase. Mol Cell25473-481(2007).
5Shi, Y., Desponts, C., Do, J.T., et al. Induction of pluripotent stem cells from mouse embryonic fibroblasts by Oct4 and Klf4 with small-molecule compounds. Cell Stem Cell3(5)568-574(2008).
Cayman Chemical Company regularly evaluates our shipping methods to ensure product stability is maintained and our corporate environmental impact is minimized. Products selected for review are evaluated and shipping methods are certified by our Scientists. While occasionally our method of shipping a product may change, rest assured the shipping conditions on all Cayman Chemical products have been reviewed and validated.
Upon receipt, it is important to check the storage requirements of your products and place them at the appropriate temperature. Products shipped without ice may require frozen storage for long term stability.
Cayman Chemical was formed over thirty years ago by demonstrating the value of naturally growing gorgonian corals as a renewable, economically viable source of prostaglandins. Today we operate our business knowing that we owe our start to the renewable resources our environment had provided. As Cayman Chemical continues to grow we consistently evaluate our business processes to ensure we are operating at the highest environmental standards.
Manufacturer, supplier, and vendor of biochemical reagents, assay kits, forensic chemistry standards, antibodies, and proteins for scientific research
Analytical testing services and custom synthesis also available