Phospholipase A2 (PLA2) catalyzes the hydrolysis of fatty acids at the sn-2 position of glycerophospholipids, liberating arachidonic acid for subsequent eicosanoid synthesis.1 Three primary types of PLA2 exist: secretory (sPLA2), calcium-dependent cytosolic (cPLA2), and calcium-independent cytosolic (iPLA2).2 Of these three enzymes, cPLA2 is the rate-limiting stimulus for release of arachidonic acid whereas sPLA2 amplifies the action of cPLA2 and regulates phagocytosis and foam cell formation.3 CAY10590, a simple amide based on (R)-γ-norleucine, is a potent and selective inhibitor of sPLA2. It exhibits 95% inhibition (XI(50) = 0.003) of sPLA2 at 0.091 mole fraction without affecting the activities of cPLA2 or iPLA2. 4
2Dennis, E.A.Diversity of group types, regulation, and function of phospholipase A2. J Biol Chem26913057-13060(1994).
3Balestrieri, B., and Arm, J.P.Group V sPLA2: Classical and novel functions. Biochim Biophys Acta17611280-1288(2006).
4Antonopoulou, G., Barbayianni, E., Magrioti, V., et al. Structure-activity relationships of natural and non-natural amino acid-based amide and 2-oxoamide inhibitors of human phospholipase A2 enzymes. Bioorg Med Chem1610257-10269(2008).
Cayman Chemical Company regularly evaluates our shipping methods to ensure product stability is maintained and our corporate environmental impact is minimized. Products selected for review are evaluated and shipping methods are certified by our Scientists. While occasionally our method of shipping a product may change, rest assured the shipping conditions on all Cayman Chemical products have been reviewed and validated.
Upon receipt, it is important to check the storage requirements of your products and place them at the appropriate temperature. Products shipped without ice may require frozen storage for long term stability.
Cayman Chemical was formed over thirty years ago by demonstrating the value of naturally growing gorgonian corals as a renewable, economically viable source of prostaglandins. Today we operate our business knowing that we owe our start to the renewable resources our environment had provided. As Cayman Chemical continues to grow we consistently evaluate our business processes to ensure we are operating at the highest environmental standards.
Manufacturer, supplier, and vendor of biochemical reagents, assay kits, forensic chemistry standards, antibodies, and proteins for scientific research
Analytical testing services and custom synthesis also available