Myriocin is an amino fatty acid antibiotic derived from certain thermophylic fungi, in this case Mycelia sterilia. It is a potent immunosuppressant having 10- to 100-fold more activity than cyclosporin A.1 Myriocin is a potent inhibitor of serine palmitoyltransferase (Ki = 0.28 nM), the enzyme that catalyzes the first step of sphingolipid biosynthesis. 2 It disrupts substratum adhesion of melanoma cells.3 It also suppresses cell proliferation in the murine cytotoxic T cell line CTLL-2 (IC50 = 15 nM) via apoptosis.2,4 Myriocin suppresses replication of the hepatitis C virus (HCV) in a murine model.5
1Fujita, T., Inoue, K., Yamamoto, S., et al. Fungal metabolites. Part 11. A potent immunosuppressive activity found in Isaria sinclairii metabolite. J Antibiot47208-215(1994).
2Miyake, Y., Kozutsumi, Y., Nakamura, S., et al. Serine palmitoyltransferase is the primary target of a sphingosine-like immunosuppressant, ISP-1/myriocin. Biochem Biophys Res Commun211(2)396-403(1995).
3Hidari, K.I.P.J., Ichikawa, S., Fujita, T., et al. Complete removal of sphingolipids from the plasma membrane disrupts cell to substratum adhesion of mouse melanoma cells. J Biol Chem271(24)14636-14641(1996).
4Nakamura, S., Kozutsumi, Y., Sun, Y., et al. Dual roles of sphingolipids in signaling of the escape from and onset of apoptosis in a mouse cytotoxic T-cell line, CTLL-2. J Biol Chem2711255-1257(1996).
5Umehara, T., Sudoh, M., Yasui, F., et al. Serine palmitoyltransferase inhibitor suppresses HCV replication in a mouse model. Biochem Biophys Res Commun34667-73(2006).
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Cayman Chemical was formed over thirty years ago by demonstrating the value of naturally growing gorgonian corals as a renewable, economically viable source of prostaglandins. Today we operate our business knowing that we owe our start to the renewable resources our environment had provided. As Cayman Chemical continues to grow we consistently evaluate our business processes to ensure we are operating at the highest environmental standards.
Manufacturer, supplier, and vendor of biochemical reagents, assay kits, forensic chemistry standards, antibodies, and proteins for scientific research
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