Pricing updated 2019-02-20. Prices are subject to change without notice.
2-Arachidonoyl glycerol (2-AG) is an endogenous agonist of the cannabinoid (CB) receptors CB1 and CB2 (Kis = 25.3-472 and 145-1,400 nM, respectively).1,2,3 Unlike arachidonoyl ethanolamide (AEA; Item No. 90050), 2-AG is present at relatively high levels in the central nervous system and is the most abundant molecular species of monoacylglycerol (MAG) found in rat brain.1,4 Formation of 2-AG is calcium-dependent and is mediated by the activities of phospholipase C (PLC) and diacylglycerol (DAG) lipase.1 2-AG acts as a full agonist at the CB1 receptor. At a concentration of 0.3 nM, 2-AG induces a rapid, transient increase in intracellular free calcium in NG108-15 neuroblastoma X glioma cells through a CB1 receptor-dependent mechanism.2 2-AG is metabolized in vitro by MAG lipase and fatty acid amide hydrolase (FAAH), with MAG lipase likely being the principle metabolizing enzyme in vivo.5
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Kondo, S., Kondo, H., Nakane, S., et al. 2-
5. Dinh, T.P., Carpenter, D., Leslie, F.M., et al. Brain monoglyceride lipase participating in endocannabinoid inactivation Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America 99(16), 10819-10824 (2002).
Kantae, V., Ogino, S., Noga, M., et al. Quantitative profiling of endocannabinoids and related N-
Rouzer, C.A., and Marnett, L.J. Glycerylprostaglandin synthesis by resident peritoneal macrophages in response to a zymosan stimulus J. Biol. Chem. 280(29), 26690-26700 (2005).