Pricing updated 2019-07-17. Prices are subject to change without notice.
Rosiglitazone is a thiazolidinedione agonist of peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor γ (PPARγ) that binds to the ligand binding domain (LBD) of PPARγ with a Kd value of 43 nM.1 It selectively activates chimeras containing the LBDs of PPARγ over PPARα and PPARδ in a cell-based reporter assay when used at a concentration of 10 mM. Rosiglitazone also activates full-length PPARγ1 and PPARγ2 in a reporter assay (EC50s = 30 and 100 nM, respectively). It induces differentiation of C3H10T1/2 stem cells to adipocytes when used at a concentration of 1 μM. Rosiglitazone (4 mg/kg) decreases hemoglobin A1c (HbA1c) and fasting blood glucose levels in a rat model of type 2 diabetes induced by streptozotocin (STZ; Item No. 13104) and a high-carbohydrate/high-fat diet.2 It also inhibits increases in contusion volume, macrophage infiltration and activation of microglia, and expression of IL-6, MCP1, ICAM1, caspase-3, and Bax in mouse cerebral cortex in a model of traumatic brain injury induced by controlled cortical impact when administered at a dose of 6 mg/kg.3 Formulations containing rosiglitazone have been used to improve glycemic control in the treatment of type 2 diabetes.
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Lehmann, J.M., Moore, L.B., Smith-
2. Zhou, J.Y., Zhou, S.W., Zhang, K.B., et al. Chronic effects of berberine on blood, liver glucolipid metabolism and liver PPARs expression in diabetic hyperlipidemic rats Biological and Pharmaceutical Bullentin 31(6), 1169-1176 (2008).
Schaedlich, K., Gebauer, S., Hunger, L., et al. DEHP deregulates adipokine levels and impairs fatty acid storage in human SGBS-
Markussen, L.K., Isidor, M.S., Breining, P., et al. Characterization of immortalized human brown and white pre-